Part of each step is ensuring the use of representation that children are able to understand. As a lot of Maths is abstract in nature, we try to break that barrier through the use of:
- Concrete manipulative that allow the children to physically play with the maths they are learning, which helps them to understand why abstract concept works.
- Pictorial representations allow the children to draw a representation to show the maths in a way they have visualised through the use of concrete manipulatives. Often when explore a problem-solving question, pictorial representation helps the children to understand that the question is asking
- The Abstract stage allow the children to represent their understanding and the maths through the use of symbols, numbers and mathematical notations. This is usually quicker to use but requires more conceptual understanding.